be a player in film/tv/audio animation cinematography Directing Producing Production Design Post Production Editing Documentary Music For Film Sound Sound Design Screenwriting Screen Production Special Effects (SFX) Visual Effects (VFX) Radio Screen Performance Screen & Media
Film and TV productions are divided into a range of disciplines or stages that combine to produce a finished piece of screen work that can be released before an audience across traditional (exhibitors, movie theatres, TV broadcasting) or digital platforms (online).
Although filmmaking originally involved the use of film, most film productions are now digital and filmmaking refers to the process of crafting an audio-visual story commercially for distribution, broadcast, or streaming.
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what is cinematography
Also known as the Director of Photography (DP), cinematographers capture the story in visuals using a camera. They manage all visual elements of the screen production such as lighting, composition, color tones, camera movements, and distance. They decide whether a scene needs to be shot at wide-angle or close, sharp or blur, depth of field and focus, and other variables to achieve desired mood and effect.
A cinematographer’s primary goal is to capture the director’s vision into images. To make this happen, they lead all the crew that works on the camera and lights of screen production.
- Camera Production Assistant
- Motion Control Operator
- Camera Operator
- Camera Assistant
- Director of Photography
- Video Editor
what is directing?
Directors are storytellers and the creative lead of the film. A director is in charge of every creative aspect of the screen production from pre-production, development to post-production. The director ensures the film’s story (script) is conveyed through the actor’s performance and the onscreen visuals. He/she helps assemble the crew that will help execute that vision or interpretation of the story.
There are many pathways to becoming a film director. Some film directors started as screenwriters, cinematographers, producers, film editors, or actors. Other film directors start their careers by attending film school.
- Attending casting sessions
- Script reading and development
- Motivating actors to produce their best performance
- Identifying set locations
- Adhering to budget and schedules
- Managing the crew on set
- Working with the editor to finish the film
- Assisting in marketing and promotion of the film
what is editing?
Editors work as part of the post-production team to carry out the director’s vision for how each shot in a movie should be put together. Films tend not to be short in order; it’s the editor’s artistic talent, technique, and practice of assembling shots that make a coherent film sequence work.
It’s in pre-production that editors work closely with directors to decide how to make the most of the script.
- Studying film scripts and using them to guide scene development
- Determining which camera angles and shots to use in the sequence
- Edit frame by frame as needed
- Coordinating sound and VFX in post-production
- Communicating with different people (including assistant editor) with regards to the status of editing
- Work within the timeline determined by directors and producers
what is music for screen?
A screen composer creates and produces original music for film, TV, video games and other mediums such as advertising. The music is the “emotional colour” that heightens the audience’s experience of the screen production.
This role demands a high level of music composition skills, as well as technical skills to configure and use digital audio workstations and SW.
Screen music professionals aspire to become:
- Screen Composers
- Music Editors
what is producing?
Simply put, the producer is the person who “runs” the show. The producer has overall responsibility for delivering the screen production (film, TV, games, apps) in terms of quality, budget and deadline.
The producer will start long before the film/TV series goes into production: from acquiring/choosing the story, presenting the project to studios or broadcasters, raising the funds and choosing the key team members (director, writer, editors).
- Executive Producer
- Associate Producer
- Production Assistant
- Line Producer
- Supervising or Development Producer
- Coordinating Producer
- Consulting Producer
- Web Producer
- VFX Producer
what is production design?
A production designer is the head of the Art Department. They are responsible for bringing the director’s ideas to life by creating and organizing the physical world surrounding a screen production story (film, TV) or theatre production. They identify a design style for sets, locations, props, graphics, camera angles and costumes.
The production designer works closely with the director, cinematographer, and producer.
- Read scripts to identify the visual style
- Develop a conceptual style for every aspect of the production
- Produce scale drawings of sets, and draw up ideas for costumes, props, and make-up
- Provide ideas for special effects or graphics
- Research and scout out filming locations
- Hires an art department team
Different roles under the Art department include artists, set designers, set decorators, costume designers, hair and make-up specialists, construction coordinators, and props masters.
what is radio?
Radio and/or podcast presenters host radio programs such as talkback shows, music programs, news bulletins or programs relating to specific content or communities.
A good radio presenter is informative, well-prepared and original, with a clear idea of how to engage with the listener as an individual.
Tasks for a radio/podcasting presenter are: to research and prepare for their spot/program, talk to their listeners, play entertainment items, interview guests and celebrities and provide public information.
Roles and careers include:
- Radio and podcast announcer
- Radio and podcast producer
- Digital content producer
- Panel operator
- Audio producer
what is screenwriting?
There is no creative production without a script or screenplay….and there is no script without the screenwriter or screenplay writer. They write the script / screenplay on which mass media such as films, television programs, video games, commercials, and theatre productions. They create the dialogue, the characters and the storyline of a script.
Writers must be good at listening to the director’s ideas and wishes, but be able to present their own unique concepts and capture these in words. They also collaborate with producers and actos to draft and redraft their script, often working to tight deadlines.
- Create an initial framework, or treatment, for scripts/ screenplays
- Write or adapt a story into a script
- Meet with film executives to pitch screenplays and ideas
- Weave together visual elements in scenes with plot and dialogue
what is sound design?
The sound designer is responsible for obtaining all sound effects, whether recorded or live for a specific production. The sound design enhances the mood, atmosphere, and tone of screen production.
Sound design is the final element needed to create an immersive experience for the audience…. what would the lightsaber on Star Wars be without “swooshing” sound design!
The vast majority of a sound designer’s work is done during Post-Production.
On larger productions, the sound designer typically leads an audio team consisting of:
- Foley artists
- Audio engineers
- Re-recording mixers
- Dialogue editors
- Supervising sound editors
- ADR teams
- Music editors and even composers
The five elements of sounds design are:
- Foley sounds
- Foley sounds
- Audio Effects (SFX)
- Voice Over